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What’s Behind the “Seize and Freeze” of Some Consumers’ Purchases

What's Behind the "Seize and Freeze" of Some Consumers' Purchases

Hyejin Lee, Ashok K. Lalwani and Jessie J. Wang

Most marketers dream of being able to charge high prices for their products. However, few can do so without spending vast sums to enhance perceptions of value (e.g., by improving product benefits). Consequently, marketers continuously strive to identify and target consumer segments that are less price-sensitive because these consumers are more likely to find price increases palatable.

In a new Journal of Marketing study, our research team identifies a cultural variable, namely power distance belief (PDB)—the extent to which people accept and endorse hierarchy—as an important determinant of consumers’ price sensitivity. Across multiple studies, we find that consumers high (vs. low) in PDB are less price-sensitive. These consumers have a higher need for closure (NFC), which increases their tendency to “seize and freeze” on a current offer and reduces their likelihood of searching for better-priced options, thereby reducing price sensitivity.


Study 1a provides evidence of the negative relationship between PDB and price sensitivity using A.C. Nielsen scanner panel data.

Study 1b provides convergent evidence for external validity using a consequential measure to assess consumers’ actual purchasing behavior driven by their price sensitivity.

Study 1c provides evidence of the relationship via a field study at a small local grocery store.

Study 2a directly assesses the mediating role of the need for closure and rules out other cultural variables and all alternative explanations.

Study 2b provides evidence for serial mediation through need for closure (mediator 1) and price search tendency (mediator 2) using four different established measures of price sensitivity.

The last study reveals that a high social density reduces the price sensitivity of low (but not high) PDB consumers. The effect is independent of numerous psychological (e.g., risk aversion, perceptions of self-efficacy, sacrifice mindset, need for status, self-regulation), cultural (e.g., uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, masculinity, interdependence), and demographic (income, occupation, education, household size, type of residence) variables.

Thus, low PDB consumers are identified as the roadblocks for marketers who seek to raise prices. To meet this challenge, we offer several strategies, including: (1) targeting consumer segments high (vs. low) in PDB, (2) activating a high PDB via ads, slogans, or POP material, (3) heightening the need for closure using contextual cues, and (4) increasing social density in stores. 

Read the full article.

Read the authors’ slides for sharing this material in your classroom.

From: Hyejin Lee, Ashok Lalwani, Jessie Wang, “Price No Object!: The Impact of Power Distance Belief on Consumers’ Price Sensitivity,” Journal of Marketing.

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Hyejin Lee is a doctoral candidate, Department of Marketing, Indiana University, USA.

Ashok K. Lalwani is Associate Professor of Marketing, Indiana University.

Jessie J. Wang is Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, Miami University, USA.